The Population Decline of Puerto Rico: An Application of Prospective Trends in Cohort-Component Projections
This paper examines the impact of prospective demographic trends in the population structure of Puerto Rico. Puerto Rico has experienced the first population decline in recorded history, which brings forth the question of the future of the population of the island and what are the policy implications of the transformations of the population. A Cohort‐Component Projections was used, incorporating rates of changes for fertility and mortality based in historical patterns. The net migration rates were calculated using the Residual Method or Vital Statistics Method, and three different scenarios were explored: (1) Full Migration, (2) Half Migration and (3) Zero Migration.